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Ficus Benghalensis

Latin name

Ficus benghalensis


Fy-kus ben-guh-LEN-sis

Common name

Bengal Fig


Native to the Indian subcontinent

How easy am I to care for?

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Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the Banyan tree or Bengal Fig, is a species of fig tree native to the Indian subcontinent. With its expansive canopy and characteristic aerial roots, it forms a striking sight in its natural habitat. Revered in Hinduism and Buddhism for its sacred symbolism, the Banyan tree is also admired worldwide for its ornamental value and ability to provide ample shade.

Caring for your plant



Ficus benghalensis thrives in bright, indirect light yet can adapt to partial shade conditions. It’s advisable to steer clear of direct sunlight to prevent leaf scorching.


Let the soil of the Ficus dry out almost completely before watering, then thoroughly saturate it. Make sure the plant has proper drainage to avoid water stagnation, as the Ficus doesn’t tolerate soggy conditions.


Pruning Ficus benghalensis is best done in spring or early summer to encourage new growth. Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches with sharp, clean pruning shears. You can also trim back leggy growth to maintain a desired shape and size. Avoid heavy pruning all at once, as this can stress the plant. Instead, prune gradually over time, focusing on small adjustments to maintain the plant’s health and aesthetics. Always sterilize your pruning tools before and after use to prevent the spread of diseases.


Feed Ficus benghalensis with a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength every 2-4 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). Reduce feeding frequency to once every 6-8 weeks in fall and winter when the plant’s growth slows down. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application and dosage. Avoid over-fertilizing, as it can lead to salt buildup in the soil and cause damage to the plant’s roots. Additionally, it’s beneficial to flush the soil with plain water occasionally to prevent fertilizer buildup.

Pest & Diseases

Ficus benghalensis is susceptible to pests such as spider mites, scale insects, and mealybugs. Regularly inspect the plant for any signs of infestation, such as webbing, sticky residue, or visible insects. If pests are detected, treat the plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil, following the product instructions carefully. As for diseases, Ficus benghalensis can be affected by fungal diseases such as leaf spot and powdery mildew, especially in humid conditions. To prevent these diseases, avoid overhead watering and ensure good air circulation around the plant. Remove and dispose of any infected leaves promptly, and consider applying a fungicidal treatment if necessary. Maintaining proper cultural conditions, such as appropriate watering, lighting, and ventilation, can help prevent both pest infestations and disease outbreaks in Ficus benghalensis . Regularly monitoring the plant’s health and addressing any issues promptly can also contribute to its overall well-being.

Mill Pond Nurseries,
Mill Road,
CM22 6AA

T: 0345 505 3333
E: enquiries@planteriagroup.com

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